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Know Your Status on World AIDS Day 2018
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which has been termed as one of the deadly pandemics. The virus primarily targets the immune system of a human body. It weakens it and reduces the body’s ability to fight the diseases and infections. No effective cure has been found for HIV AIDS, but can be controlled using a variety of medications and treatments available. There may be a chance of some people are more prone to develop this disease than others due to the frequent change of partners, where they live and how they live.
World AIDS Day 2018 will be celebrated and we mark its 30th year of commencement with the theme “Know Your Status”. Despite the huge efforts of the world still, 940,000 people died in the year 2017 from the related illness. But this number has been dropped up to 50% when you consider the deaths in the year 2004. People have become more aware and acknowledge the threat it poses.
There are more than 36 million people living with some form of AIDS as of 2017 unfortunately 1.8 million of them are children aged under 15. The number of new infections of HIV has dropped by 16% compared to the stats of 2010.
The following list of regions will give you the whole picture of people living with HIV/AIDS.
Eastern and South Africa
Individuals living with HIV: 19.6 million
New infections Registered: 800,000
Aids-related deaths: 380,000
Individuals getting treatment: 12.9 million
Individuals living with HIV: 5.2 million
New infections Registered: 280,000
Aids-related deaths: 170,000
Individuals getting treatment: 2.7 million
Western and Central Africa
Individuals living with HIV: 6.1 million
New infections Registered: 370,000
Aids-related deaths: 280,000
Individuals getting treatment: 2.4 million
Individuals living with HIV: 1.8 million
New infections Registered: 100,000
Aids-related deaths: 37,000
Individuals getting treatment: 1.1 million
Individuals living with HIV: 310,000
New infections Registered: 15,000
Aids-related deaths: 10,000
Individuals getting treatment: 181,000
Middle East and North Africa
Individuals living with HIV: 220,000
New infections Registered: 18,000
Aids-related deaths: 9,800
Individuals getting treatment: 63,200
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Individuals living with HIV: 1.4 million
New infections Registered: 130,000
Aids-related deaths: 34,000
Individuals getting treatment: 520,000
Western Europe and North America
Individuals living with HIV: 2.2 million
New Infections Registered: 70,000
Aids-related deaths: 13,000
Individuals getting treatment: 1.7 million
Stages of HIV:
When people who are infected with this virus doesn’t get any sort of medical aid, the disease then escalates in 3 stages.
Stage 1: Acute HIV infection
After a period of 2-4 weeks, i.e. after contamination, a person may experience symptoms similar to flu which could last a few weeks. At this stage, the people may have a large amount of Virus in their bloodstream and are said to be highly contagious. There can be instances where the disease may not show any symptoms or illness.
Stage 2: Clinical latency (HIV inactivity or dormancy)
This period sometimes is termed as chronic HIV infection. During this period the virus is still active in the host body but is not reproducing at a frequent rate. There may be no signs of sickness in this period as the virus is not mobile. The stage could last as long as a decade of time to progress due to the low activity of the virus. When this stage is about to end then the CD4 counts start to drop and may experience symptoms as the virus becomes highly active and moves forward to next stage.
Stage 3: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
AIDS is the advanced and most dangerous stage of this infection as the immune system gets attacked heavily and the body is unable to fight this virus. With no treatment, the life expectancy of the person can be as low as 3 years. Some symptoms may include fever, chills, excessive sweat, sudden weight loss, and CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm.
Living a Life with HIV
At present, there is an estimated population of 36.9 million people living with HIV. Thanks to modern healthcare and medicine, the HIV patients live longer and sometimes, they live as long as a normal human being.
The most important thing to keep in check with HIV patients is their health. There is a need to follow a strict diet plan and which best goes with your HIV treatment. You should never skip your visits to hospitals as they will help you keep the viral load in check.
Disclose your HIV status with the people who are close to you. You also need to inform your partners with whom you have either indulged in sexual intercourse or have shared needles. This is important to make sure you both are healthy.
Go out and meet other people living with this infection and join a support group. These activities will surely bring some light in the lives of patients and motivate them to live a long and healthy live moving forward.